Mitragyna Speciosa is one of the most well known ethnobotanical herbs that are used in the world. The plant is an indigenous tree that grows in South-east Asia in Thailand especially in the southern and central parts of the country. Kratom can either be grown using seeds or cuttings. The seeds need to be fresh for successful germination. The only challenge is that the seeds of this ethnobotanical herb have a very low germination rate ranging between 20% – 30%. For seeds you will have to do a quick Google search, but if you want to skip growing and just buy it directly, you can buy kratom at Kratomystic.
The ideal soil type for growing Kratom – Mitragyna Speciosa is a wet soil. The soil must be rich in humus and very fertile. The plant is not drought resistant and must be grown entirely on its ideal environment or else it will develop frost. Fresh cuttings and seedling are propagated, and they have to be very fresh. Frequent attack of xylem tissues of the plant by fungus leads to a low strike rate. There is scarce knowledge of how to effectively grow this plant. The difficult part is finding the seedlings and cuttings which are very rare to get. Many people consider growing the cuttings as a hard task even though the plants once they are grown they are hardy. Due to the many challenges in growing the plant at a tender stage, many people interested in the plant have opted for cloning as an easier method of growing the plant. Most of the people who opted to use cuttings experience major two problems at the growth stage. The cuttings will develop fungus or will fail to develop roots. Hence the cuttings die without growing. Suggestions have been made in order to get rid of these problems.
- Increasing the oxygen levels of the cuttings by placing them in water with an air bubble.
- To prevent fungus infections on the cuttings, a small amount of fungicides should be mixed in the water.
- The water that the cuttings are placed should be changed daily in order to lower the chances of fungi developing on the cuttings.
Other tricks that have been known to work that will help the cuttings grow include adding nutrients immediately the roots start to grow and to use rock wool, the rockwool holds in the moisture for the cutting and also allows enough air so that the cutting has both enough of air and moisture.
All these precautions if followed will lead to the successful growth of the cuttings into a full tree of Kratom and a strain such as Maeng Da (Kratom). A fully grown Kratom tree can be as tall as 50 feet and with a width of 15 feet. This ethnobotanical herb when fully grown has an erect stem, with branches, yellow flowers and leaves that are evergreen. The leaves tend to always shed but are always replaced. There are also seasonal leaf shedding due to climatic changes, for instance leaf shedding is more rampant in the dry season and in the rainy season the leave shedding is very scarce. When this ethnobotanical herb is grown outside natural tropical environment leaf shedding occurs in low temperatures of below 4 degrees Celsius.
When this ethnobotanical herb is grown cold climates and hothouses they grow to be weak, while those grown in warmer habitats are only weak in winter seasons and become strong during summer, autumn and early winter.